Tumpek Krulut: Ritual for Harmony through Music

Hindu community in Bali always appreciates the nature and environment by holding a ritual. A month after Tumpek Kuningan, namely Saturday (Aug 20), the Hindu community in Bali celebrates Tumpek Krulut. This feast day comes every 6 months (210 days), falling on Saturday, Kliwon, Wuku Krulut. For Hindu society, the celebration of Tumpek Krulut is not only limited as a routine ceremony, but also as an expression of gratitude to God in his manifestation as Lord Ishvara. Tumpek Krulut is also the temple anniversary of Pucak Apuan Temple and almost all Hindu devotees in Bali also perform prayers in the temple.

A lecturer of the Hindu Dharma Institute of Denpasar (IHDN), Wiana Ketut, said that Tumpek Krulut was a day of love. Such compassion was embodied into the form of beauty, in this case the sound of gamelan music. On Tumpek Krulut, people venerated the Supreme God in his manifestation as Goddess Semara Ratih. On that account, devotees offered the oblation named sesayut lulut asih. Similar opinion was revealed by the Dean of Faculty of Dharma Duta, IHDN, IGN Sudiana. Tumpek Krulut was derived from the Balinese vocabulary lulut meaning the heart fused with beauty (Sundaram), so that the mind turned peaceful. In that context, we really required an art and entertainment to balance the live.

Meanwhile, a lecturer of Faculty of Letters, Udayana University, IB Jelantik, said that on Tumpek Krulut people believed that God in his manifestation as Shivanataraja came down to earth to dance to 36 tattvas in order to prosper the macrocosm and microcosm. To accompany the dance, devotees were playing gamelan music. In Denpasar, since a few years ago, there had been some processions to interpret the Tumpek Krulut by displaying a variety of arts, dance and gamelan composition. On Tumpek Krulut, the entire gamelan instruments were played to create santha rasa or the sense of peace. The sense of peace was expected to create prosperity physically and spiritually.

Then, a cultural and religious observer, Ida Bagus Agastia, said that in Bali the concept of voice was truly important, so there was a term wija aksara suci (sacred syllable). It inspired the birth of sound civilization known as holy bell, sunari (bamboo flutes that catches the wind), windmill, kulkul (wooden split bell) and various types of gamelan made of bronze, iron or bamboo. Aside from the sound civilization, in Bali was also known a civilization of colors and flavors. Meanwhile, the ritual of Tumpek Krulut had close relation to sound civilization, in this regard with gamelan instrument. With regard to the sound, the sound of bumblebee also drew the attention of ancient literati where in the Sasih Kapat (around October) they had Ngapat tradition.

Full moon of this month was a good opportunity for organizing literary activities, writing and discussing about beautiful works. Literati usually went to the beach and mountains to capture the beauty of nature, listened to the singing of birds, sound of waves, watched the beauty of flower petals and heard the loud hum of bumblebees and so on. They were all captured and then expressed into the form of literature. Meanwhile, the temple priest of Dalem Temple of Sekalan, Marga, I Ketut Artana, said that gamelan troupe and community celebrated the Tumpek Krulut by saying prayers in temples. According to him, the meaning of worship on Tumpek Krulut was exploring profoundly the spirit giving birth to peacefulness and strength.

The tones and the sound had an extraordinarily supernatural power and even they were believed to be the main strength. In the context of worship of natural harmony, it could be achieved by raising the power of Shiva in order to move. Movement creation of Shiva happened because of the tone strains known as Shivanataraja. Philosophically, the worship of sounds on Tumpek Krulut implied the control of Tri Gunas (sattvam, rajas and tamas) and Tri Marga namely dharma, artha and kama. When understood further strains of the tones is a natural process towards harmonization. In order to achieve harmonization of this nature needs to be done contemplation and praying to God in its manifestation as Shiva.

source : balitravelnews

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