Besikalung Temple located in the mountains of southern slopes of Mount Batukaru. In this area, including territorial Jatiluwih area. But the temples are in pengempon area Ulu village Adat, village Babahan, Penebel District, Tabanan regency. Location temple if taken from Denpasar to reach approximately 50 km to the south side of Mount Batukaru.
Pura Luhur Iron Necklace
Although not many sources that can be used as a handle on the history of the establishment of this temple, but there is some information that can be used as an alternative to the origin of Pura. First Source: Inscription Babahan Caka I that many 839 (917 M) that are stored in the Pura village Adat Jambelangu Puseh Bolangan lists sentence which reads Cala Silunglung Kaklungan Pangulumbigyan.
Where is this word can mean, holy Bale (Cala Silunglung), and ritual cleansing kaklungan (Pangulumbigyan). Of the sentence is very possible that the name Iron Necklace comes from the word ‘Cala Silunglung’ that changes reference to a ‘Sikalung’ then go back to change Besikalung. Meanwhile, the second source comes from the existing heritage Linga in the main palinggih (great).
And according Stakeholder Jero Agung when it hit the conservancy will issue a loud voice like iron. The shape is round phallus length and at the top with a circle decorated like a necklace, a circle. Then from the phallus-like temple berkalung finally call it called Pura Luhur Besikalung. Why the name of this temple in front of the word noble because it was there in the hills.
“The word is also associated with Besikalung Pagerwesi word which means a circular iron fence,” said Jero Mangku Agung Luhur Besikalung, I Gede Sukayasa. The big day Pagerwesi , falling every Buddhist Kliwon Piodalan Sprott coincide with the temple. Buddhist kliwon Pagerwesi by gamma Sunari ejection as the worship / Payogan Sang Hyang Guru Pramesti one Ciwa ASTEK omnipotence as the Great Teacher to be respected by the gods and all living things.
While Ida Lord malingga in Main Palinggih (General) by ejection p. 185-186 Pura Druwen mentioned ‘Ciwa Hyang samg magic’ with all his omnipotence ASTEK. Based on the sources mentioned above and conformed to the historic heritage of archaeological objects can be expected that the Temple Luhur was established besikalung IX-XII century AD Can be seen also from palinggih structure in the form of the archeology bebaturan called berundak-tat stone steps.
Which indicates that the temple is a relic megaliths (huge stone jman). Characteristics of worship in this era is the combination of ancestor worship or a holy spirit who is credited with the conceptions of the Hindu God of the coming of dri India via Java. This era is also referred to as the era of transition from Apaniaga Bali Aga era to era influences of Javanese culture with Hindu rites Classical order.
Based on the inscription Babahan I found at Temple Puseh Jambelangu King tells the trip to Bali Sri Ugracena North and had stopped at the hermitage (pesraman) Pita Maha Rsi in Petung Bang Hyang Sidhi, he also called Bhiku Dharmeswara. King Sri Ugracena give an edict and authority on Pita Maha Rsi to resolve religious ceremony for those who died of starch, starch angulah.
This is what a privilege and specificity Inscription Babahan I can say as the only inscription ceremony of Bali which contains starch Wrong, Angulah Pati. Bang Hyang Sidhi called in the inscription is now called Babahan I Bangkyang Sidem located just east of the Iron necklace Pura Luhur separated only by the river (Yeh Ho). At Temple subak Bangkyang Sidem as archeological sites there are 2 small units expected to act as the home of the Rsi and the other one is located in the south of slightly under estimated as a place of daily worship him.
If this hypothesis is correct then there is the possibility Pura Luhur Iron necklace founded by Pita Maha Rsi in the reign of King Ugracena the throne or reign in Çaka 837 -864, or about 915-942 AD. Given the many inscriptions Caka Babahan I 839 (917 M).