Kebo Edan Temple

Another temple in Pejeng is Kebo Edan Temple, possesses the statue of a standing giant 3.60 m tall. He is called Kebo Edan, the Mad One. The figure has a huge penis with four “penis pins” pierced through it right under the glens. The use of such pins to increase a woman’s sexual pleasure is an old custom known throughout Southeast Asia. The giant stands in a dancing position and tramples a human figure, its face covered with something which may be a mask, as it is tied with ribbons at the back. The figure may represent a demonic manifestation of Siwa as a dancer. There is another statue representing a fat, crouching demon holding a big skull upside down in front of his chest the demon is wearing a diadem decorated with small skulls on his curly hair.

The style of these statues points to the 13th-14th century. Kebo Edan Temple is near Goa Gajah in the east of Ubud suburbs. It is said that this temple was built by Javanese in about the 12th century. It became a war with king Java and king Bali, and Bali was defeated in 1346. After war, king Kertanegara in Java wanted to teach Islam ceremony Koran “Siwa Bhairawa” to the people in Bali. And, the king Kertanegara ordered minister’s Kebo Paruk who did buffalo’s appearance to teach it to people. There are two kinds of teaching Siwa Bhairawa. It is “Niwerti” of teaching good thing, and “Purawerti” of teaching bad thing.

To teach people only Purawerti, the king Kertanegara urged it on him. Because he wanted to teach only Purawerti, and to increase the number of vassals in Bali. However, it was not accepted by people in Bali. The number of a lot of believers who were has decreased fast first. Afterwards, it is a temple of Hinduism now though became a Buddhism temple. Kebo means “buffalo” in a Bali language, and Edan means “It goes mad” in an Indonesian language. It is an unusual temple where two languages were used. Kebo Edan Temple has the statue of danced Pejeng Giant with four penises. And, two buffaloes’ statues sit on the both sides. The feature of the statue has four penises, twines round one of feet the snake, and the other foot tramples the person.

The statue is as much as 12 feet in height, and has been built 700 years ago.

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