The Regency of Badung, which is located between 08 degrees south latitude and 115 degrees east longitude, is shaped liked a “kriss”. The Regency, which has only 418.52 square kilometers of land, is divided into sixth districts (kecamatan), 40 administrative villages (desa dinas and kelurahan), and as many as 117 traditional villages (desa adat). Those villages are again subdivided into as many as 297 smaller community groups known as “Dusun”, and 498 “Banjar”.
Each Banjar in the Regency has a youth organization named “Sekaa Teruna Teruni” (STT). The total population of Badung Regency is approximately 280,000 people, with the average density of 672 people per square kilometer. In compliance with the state objective, the harmony between material and spiritual development must be equal. The governmental structure down to the rural villages play an important role in keeping this balance.
The Government programs also encourage people to consciously take an active part in all development fields, regardless of one’s gender. As the Regency is headed by Regent (Bupati), the Districts headed by Pak Camat, Desa and Dusun are headed by Perbeke (Lurah) and Klien Banjar / Kepala Dusun.
In this five-year term development, Badung is divided into three Development territories.
1. North Badung : Includes Districts of Petang and Abiansemal, centered in Blahkiuh. The priority here is agriculture in broad terms, as well as ground conservation.
2. Central Badung : Covers the whole Mengwi District with food crops, agriculture, and home industries as the priorities.
3. South Badung : Tourism industry, education and commercial development are the priorities in this area which include Kuta, Nusa Dua, Tanjung Benoa, Bukit, Jimbaran, and Kedonganan.
Agriculture and industries (especially the home and small-scale industries) that support the tourism sector are likely to be intensively expanded. Extension in the tourism sector has become the main sector to strengthen foreign exchange, visas, employment, equity of earnings, and private businesses, all of which increase the overall welfare of the community welfare.
Badung regency is one of 9 sub-provinces embraced by Bali province and located in the centre of Bali island, stretching from north to the island’s south end. It is bordering at north with Buleleng Regency, at west with Tabanan Regency, whilst at the east with Bangli Regency, Gianyar Regency and Denpasar Municipal, physically has the unique form, looks like a shape of “keris”. So this uniqueness is used as a symbol of this regency, means it contains of the spirit and which has close relation to the story of this area namely event of Puputan Badung. This spirit is used as the base of motto of Badung Regency that is Cura Darma Raksasa (Governmental obligation to protect the people and truth).
Geographic Regency of Badung covers 418.52sq : kilometers total of land, consists of 6 Kecamatan (district) known as Kecamatan Petang, Abiansemal, Mengwi, South Kuta, Kuta, North Kuta those consist 40 villages, 16 kelurahan (Administrative village) and 328 Dusun (Administrative sub-village), 119 Linkungan (environment), 28 propose environment, 119 Desa Adat (Traditional village) and 522 Banjar (Administrative sub-village) and also 522 youth organizations.
Regency of Badung area is an area of tropical climate which has two seasons, dry seasons (April – October) and rainy season (November – March). Air temperature vary form 24 ºC up to 30.8 ºC with average rainfall of 893.4 mm till 2,702.6 mm per year and average humidity is 79%. Its flora and fauna is of tropical Asia. Total population according June 2001 report is 332.265 people, with average population density as much as 794 persons per sq. kilometers.
Majority population are followers of Hindhu religion with its everlasting magnificent religious ceremonies and unique tradition. And the original income of regency (PAD) on 2000 equal to 203,861 billion Rupiah from target of equal 153,790 billion Rupiah, while up to June 2001, realization of PAD equal 170,176 billion Rupiah from the target 248,101 billion Rupiah. Daily communication languages are Balinese and Indonesian language while English is not so much spoken. Most of the people living in agriculture sector, trade and services industry. Regional income is mainly from tourism sector.
Nambangan was said to be the name of the regency before Badung was forged by Gusti Ngurah Made Pemecutan in the late 18th century. He who aided by magical kriss and whip conquered Mengwi, and Jembrana until 1810. He was succeeded by two other “Rajas” of whom the demise seems to have been engineered by the successor, presumably brother, Raja Kesiman, who ruled trough crucial years of 1829 to 1863. He showed him self to be predisposed to the world beyond Bali and giving cause for hope to the Dutch.
The Dutch were allowed to set up recruiting station at Kuta in 1826, return for handsome bounty paid to the response. A Danish trader, Mads Johannes Lange, who came to Bali when he was 18 took mediator role, where the raja then got attractive cut, since than Mads Lange who was born in 1806 got good relation ship to most raja in the island. In 1856, Lange was ill and tired, decided to head back to Denmark but he died suddenly before his ship left port.
Kuta is also place where Captain Cornelius de Houtman and his crews pitched up in 1557, when 20.000 Balinese troops on the way to defend Blambangan from the encroaching Moslem of Mataram kingdom. In 1904, a Chinese Ship “Sri Komala” ran aground off Sanur under the Dutch flag. The Dutch accused the local people to strip the wreck of its contents and claimed the raja for all his lost and damages of three thousand silver dollars and punish the culprits.
The refusal of raja of the accusation to pay compensation, causing them to prepare the sixth Military expedition to Bali on September 20th 1906. Three battalions on infantry and two batteries of artillery arrived off the coast of Badung. After the bombardment, they marched toward Denpasar, and at the gate, they met no resistance. They were greeted by the crowded all in white costume ready to die at Puputan Commanded by the raja, his priests, his generals and all his relatives, men and women, adorned themselves with jewels and the dress of warrior, set out amidst the battle.
Abided by his religion, the ultimate goal of the warrior is to die in battle; the soul may ascend to heaven. Surrender to Tabanan, West of Badung in 1908, the raja of Klungkung also held Puputan, giving the Dutch control the island. In 1914 the army was replaced by a police force and the Dutch reorganized the Government. Although the remaining princes were deprived of political power, they maintained much of their influence and importance as patron of the art.
Bali’s culture was safe guarded and enjoyed a renaissance during the three decades of Dutch control. The town of Denpasar which of 3 Kecamatan (districts) used to be part of Badung Regency before it was assigned to be municipality on February 227, 1992.